Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a common behavioral disorder that affects school-age children. Mostly boys are facing this problem in comparison to girls. Teens that have a problem of ADHD act without thinking, are hyperactive, and have trouble focusing. They know their parents expectations from them but are not able to do so because they can't sit still, pay attention, or attend to details. The symptoms are in two main areas. Those are: poor attention span and hyperactivity or impulsivity.
Poor attention span: Poor attention may not occur until the teen become able to face the challenging environment of elementary school. The teen with poor attention span have some of the following symptoms.
- Difficulty in paying attention in school or other activities.
- Can not pay attention on tasks or activities.
- Can not able to finish homework or paperwork or performing tasks that requires concentration.
- Difficulty in following instructions
- Not able to organize work schedule.
- Habit of forgiveness like missing appointments, putting their pencil box in bag.
The symptoms of hyperactivity occur in young teenagers or the adolescent of before the age of seven. The teen with hyperactivity have following symptoms.
- Fidgeting or squirming when seated.
- Try to complete their work frequently
- Always use to run or climb.
- Always make a noise and engage in quiet leisure activities.
- Always on the go.
- Always use to talk excessively.
The symptoms of impulsivity occur in the children of age 7-16. Symptoms of impulsivity include:
- Having low patience.
- Feels difficult in giving response.
- Gives answer without listening the complete question.
- Don't get a chance to response others.
- Present their own view by interrupting or intruding others.
- Start their communication at inappropriate time or place.
Some of the teenagers develop their learning problems widely that may not improve with ADHD treatment. Hyperactive behavior may be the example of those children. These children develop other disruptive disorders, particularly conduct and oppositional-defiant disorder. The reason for the relationship is not known.
A wide variety of treatments have been used for ADHD as psychotropic medications, psychosocial treatment, dietary management, herbal and homeopathic treatments, biofeedback, meditation, and perceptual stimulation
Psychosocial treatment of ADHD has included a number of behavioral strategies such as contingency management that typically is conducted in the classroom, parent training clinical behavior therapy and cognitive-behavioral treatment.
Cognitive-behavioral treatment has not been found beneficial for children with ADHD. In contrast, clinical behavior therapy, parent training, and contingency management have produced beneficial effects.
Behavior modification works by rewarding desired behavior with privileges and give positive result in pre stage of ADHD while discouraging bad behavior with removal of privileges. Most of these systems use a computerized program, music system, scheduling software and tapes. But these are not as effective as expected .